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Membrane Structure Classification

Tension Suspension Structure Through the cable joint force with the membrane form a stable surface to cover the architectural space, which is representative of cable-membrane architecture and essence, with a high degree of physical plasticity and structural flexibility.

Frame Supported Structure Through its own system of support for a stable membrane skeleton body to cover the architectural space, skeleton system, decided to build shape, the membrane body as cover.

Pneumatic Structure Through the air pressure supporting membrane to cover the architectural space, its physical single and costs limited.

Benefits: More freedom to shape the architectural shape Changing the support structure and flexible membrane to make the building a more diverse style, novel appearance, at the same time reflect the structure of the United States, and the rich colors and can create more freedom in building physical and richer architectural language.

Greater economic benefits Architectural roofing membrane weight of conventional steel roof is only 1 / 30, which reduces the cost of the wall and foundation. At the same time the construction peculiar membrane shape and night effects are obvious "knowledge of the construction can be" and the commercial effect of a higher price benefit ratio.

Shorter construction cycle Film processing and production of all projects in accordance with the design can be completed in the factory at the scene only to the installation. Compared with traditional architecture, the construction cycle, it is almost twice as fast.

Lower energy loss Membranes have a high reflectivity and low optical absorption is low, and low thermal conductivity, which block solar access to a great extent on the interior. In addition, the translucent membrane guarantees an appropriate diffuse scattering of natural lighting indoors.

Greater span of architectural space As the weight of light, the membrane architecture can do without the internal support surface coverage of large-span space, which makes it possible out flexible and innovative design and use of building space.

Material: Membranes essentially are a kind of fabric, which material from the fibers. Material selection, proper design, construction, manufacture and installation of an integrated structure of these points to ensure quality. Structure is good or bad depends largely on the choice of materials. Used in tensile structures and inflatable structure is more appropriate because the membrane itself has a load. Most of the fabric structure, fabric much more than the use of mesh material or film. The main fabric coated with other materials or laminated to produce a greater resistance to external forces pull or greater. The most common material for polyester laminated or coated PVC material, PTFE-plated or plated with silicon of the glass fiber material. Mesh objects, film and other materials have their own scope of application.Usually, the use of fiber can be divided into the following several kinds:

Nylon: Polyester slightly better than the tensile strength, but its relatively low coefficient of elasticity, making the loading of the cases result in folds of the probability may be greatly increased, and vulnerable to moisture change, makes the error before and after cutting production, and vulnerable to UV effects of the gradual loss of tensile strength.

Polyester: Nylon somewhat less than its tensile strength, but because of good tension, durability, low cost and pulling force, and in some use of the characteristics of its more rigidity to compensate for its shortcomings. Polyester is the most frequently used of the substrate. PVC membrane with polyester laminated or coatings in the manufacture of a longer time is usually the most economical way. Bonding materials are usually received by the synthesis of polyester cloth or vinyl film which consists of network coverage (known as substrate). Coating fabric usually use high-count, high-tensile fabric coated with a layer of flexible material to strengthen the pull. Fabric manufacturing methods in the coatings before and during the process of polyester fabric coating placed under tension. The result is weaving the yarn in different directions with distinctive features, increase the stability of fabric for lighter fabrics (200 ~ 270gm / m2). Untreated Polyester fiber is equally susceptible to UV damage, but after the protective coating coverage compared to the same treatment of Nylon and more resistant to ultraviolet rays, and therefore practical terms, Polyester ability of anti-ultraviolet radiation is better than Nylon.

Fiber Glass: With high elasticity and high tensile strength, but the fiber easy to duplicate the pressure off because of the destruction, in order to overcome this point, the use of slightly smaller diameter of the fiber can reduce the extent of destruction. Fiber Glass has less susceptible to UV damage, so it is largely used in the construction of the permanent construct.

Aramids (Kevlar): With high elasticity and high tear strength, better flexibility than glass fiber, but not as Nylon and Polyester. Exposure to UV deterioration of the same characteristics of the substrate

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